May 23, 2024
Heart Disease

Dilated Cardiomyopathy: Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

Dilated Cardiomyopathy/ Heart Disease

Dilated Cardiomyopathy is a type of heart disease. The causes of this disease are unusually thin tissues and expansion in your main heart chamber. It is a heart muscle disease that causes the ventricles to thin, grow larger, and stretch the heart chamber. Mostly it starts in the main pumping heart chamber. However, it is due to heart attack damage or geneticist, but experts are not sure. When it enters the advanced stages, it leads to complications, including heart failure and cardiomyopathy issues.

What Is Dilated Cardiomyopathy

Dilated Cardiomyopathy is a condition in which the left ventricle of your heart is weak, stretched out, or dilated. The effect is that your heart gets larger. So the result is this, the heart is not pumping as much as it requires.  Almost 36 people out of 10000 people face this issue In the US. It is one of the major risks of a heart attack. However, various treatments are introduced in the last few years.  So, if it is timely diagnosed and takes proper treatment on time, you will reduce heart complications.  

What Are The Causes Of Dilated Cardiomyopathy

It is difficult to find out the causes of this disease. However, it is a common cause that it develops when something damage in your heart.  Further, may the following are the causes of Dilated Cardiomyopathy:

  • Diabetes is one of the causes.
  • Sometimes certain infection is a reason for this disease.
  • Further, a complication in the late stage of pregnancy.
  • Arrhythmias or heart rhythm problems
  • Obesity is one of the common causes.
  • Heart valve disease.
  • Sometimes excessive iron in the heart or other organs of the body.
  • If you are habitual in using excess use of alcohol, you face this issue.
  • Exposure to toxic is another cause.
  • Using specific cancer medicines
  • Using drugs
  • Thyroid disease is also the cause of Dilated Cardiomyopathy
  • Viral hepatitis is another reason.
  • HIV
  • Genetic 
  • Male or mostly affected with this Dilated Cardiomyopathy.

What Are The Dilated Cardiomyopathy Symptoms?

You will not face any symptoms of Dilated Cardiomyopathy in its early stage. But when it becomes severe various signs will show this disease. If you feel the following symptoms, you must consult your health provider and discuss these signs. They will suggest your treatment. However, feeling sudden chest pain that lasts for a few minutes, go for an emergency. The first symptom of this issue is a heart murmur. Later, the following are the signs and symptoms:

  • Congestion and coughing
  • Fainting
  • Fatigue and tiredness
  • Feel shortness in breathing
  • Flurrtring in the chest.
  • Swelling in legs and feet.
  • Unexpected weight loss and gain issue
  • The lower ability for exercise

What Are The Risk Factors?

The following risk factors are included in  Dilated Cardiomyopathy:

  • Any family history of heart failure or Dilated Cardiomyopathy
  • If heart damage is due to a certain disease.
  • Heart valve issue is a risk factor
  • Long-term use of alcohol or use of the drug
  • Imflamorty on heart muscles
  • High blood pressure issue
  • Muscular dystrophy

How to Diagnose Dilated Cardiomyopathy

Your medical provider taking all medical history from you.  On the base of this, they will suggest physical medical tests. With the help of these tests, your health provider will determine the issue of Dilated Cardiomyopathy. After that, your doctor will plan any treatment. Your health care suggests you following test:

  • Blood test 
  • Chest x-ray
  • Angiography
  • EKG
  • Echocardiogram
  • Stress exercise test
  • Myocardial biopsy
  • Genetic testing 

How Treated Dilated Cardiomyopathy

Various treatments are necessary for Dilated Cardiomyopathy. Your health provider can start the treatment with medicines. With the help of medicine, your heart functioning will improve. The below treatments include:

  • ACE inhibitor
  • Blood thinners
  • Beta-blockers
  • ARNI
  • ARB
  • Anti Arrhytmetic
  • Diuretics

What Are The Complications Of This Disease

The following are complications of Dilated Cardiomyopathy:

  • Feel the irregular heartbeats. It is due to changes in the heart size and shape.
  • When the heart is not pumping enough blood as it is required.
  • Dilated Cardiomyopathy hard in the closing valve. You may face a valve leakage issue.
  • It affects the heart and it suddenly not beating.
  • Blood clots issue occur in heart chambers. If any clot enters the blood stream it close the blood flow in other organs. Due to blood clothing heart stroke,  heart attack, or damage to any organ. Arryhtmeic issue can also due to blood clots.

How To Prevent Dilated Cardiomyopathy

If you adopt a healthy lifestyle you can prevent from this issues. You must try the following strategies:

  • If you are using excessive alcohol, you must reduce or avoid of it.
  • Smoking can cause different health issues including, Dilated Cardiomyopathy. So, you must quit smoking habits.
  • For avoiding various heart diseases, you must avoid the use of drugs.
  • A healthy diet is one of the keys to staying healthy and prevent from disease. You must eat a healthy balanced diet and avoid using salt.
  • You need quality sleep for a healthy life. So take enough rest and sleep.
  • Add some workouts or activities to your life.
  • If you have overweight, it will lead to several diseases. You must maintain a healthy weight.
  • Avoid stress and depression. Further, manage them properly. 

How To Live With Dilated Cardiomyopathy

You must avoid Dilated Cardiomyopathy and you can improve your well-being by adopting care instructions:

  • You must check the signs and the complication regularly, for instance gaining weight. 
  • Commit to using a healthy diet and low use of sodium.
  • You need to consult off and ion with your health care to avoid the disease.
  • You must take medicines on time as per your doctor prescribed.


Dilated Cardiomyopathy is related to heart issues. However, the symptoms do not occur in the starting. But if you face irregular signs in your health, like cough, or difficulty in breathing, you must consult with your doctor. Your doctor will suggest some tests to diagnose the exact heart issue. Further, follow the doctor’s prescriptions on time. You can Dilate Cardiomyopathy by adopting healthy habits and quitting unhealthy food from your diet. You must try to participate in any physical activity or workout regularly.

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