April 15, 2024
Heart Disease

Hypertensive and Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease

Hypertensive and atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease

So discussing the link among hypertensive and atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases offers insights into two vital conditions that greatly effect heart health. Now let us delve into this topic to learn their links, mechanisms, risk factors and management plans.

Hypertensive and atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease has a poor impact on your heart. In the US, almost half of adults face this heart issue. You must change your lifestyle, overcome stress, and consult your health provider. People facing the issue of high blood pressure are affected by this disease. 

What Is Hypertensive and Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease?

Hypertensive and atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, in which high blood pressure puts strain on your heart and will affect by this disease.  This disease will affect your heart and its vessels. Moreover, in this issue, individuals will face the following points.

  • Heart valves properly not working.
  • Heart rhythms are irregular.
  • Blood vessels and issues face from birth.
  • Individuals will face heart failure.

Now you have an idea about hypertensive.It is time to find out what causes Hypertensive and Atherosclerotic CVD.

Hypertension

So before going into the details of Hypertensive and Atherosclerotic CVD let s find out what is hypertention. It is a chronic medical state marked by boosted blood pressure levels persistently above the normal range. It is usually considered a “silent killer” because of to its asymptomatic nature in the early stages, silently damaging blood vessels and straining the heart.

Now you have an idea about hypertensive.It is time to find out what causes Hypertensive and Atherosclerotic CVD.

Hypertension

Atherosclerosis 

On the other hand, Atherosclerosis involves the assembly of plaque—a combo of cholesterol, fats, calcium and other substances. It forms a layer on the inner walls of arteries. With time, this buildup narrows the arteries, limiting blood flow to vital organs and tissues.

On the other hand, Atherosclerosis involves the assembly of plaque—a combo of cholesterol, fats, calcium and other substances. It forms a layer on the inner walls of arteries. With time, this buildup narrows the arteries, limiting blood flow to vital organs and tissues.

Atherosclerosis 

What Are The Causes Of Hypertensive and Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease?

Mostly the causes specifically depend on the type—several causes of Hypertensive and atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, such as High blood pressure and atherosclerotic.  Coronary artery disease scaring a genetic issue, heart muscle or medicine is the cause of atherosclerotic. 

What Is The Risk Factor Of Hypertensive and Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease?

The following are the risk factors:

  • Use of tobacco, smoking
  • Another factor is type 2 diabetes
  • Heart disease in the family
  • High cholesterol level
  • High blood pressure
  • Excess use of alcohol
  • No physical activity or exercise
  • Using high fat, sugar, and sodium in diet
  • Toxemia
  • Choronocaly kidney disease
  • Chronic inflammatory

Symptoms

Hypertensive and atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease symptoms depend on their cause. Usually, the following are the symptoms of this disease.

  • The individual will feel pain in the chest.
  • The person will feel the weight on their chest and also feel heaviness and discomfort.
  • Feel dizzy and faint.
  • Shortness while breathing.
  • Exahgting and fatigue.

The following are symptoms when a blockage in blood vessels throughout your body.

  • Various leg sores and these are not healing.
  • When you walk, feeling cramps in your legs. 
  • You will feel cool and have red skin on your legs.
  • Further, you face difficulty walking, talking, and seeing.
  • Feel swelling on your legs.

Which Are The Various Types Of Hypertensive and Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease?

Different types of Hypertensive and atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease are there, but the following are some of them:

Valve Disease:  It is a type of this disease the valve leak or is tight. So, blood flow is disturbance is creating.

Arrhythmia: In this kind, you will face an issue in heart rhythm.

Heart failure: When you are facing issues in pumping, the heart properly not working, and shortness of breathing will create heart failure.

Coronary Artery Disease:  In this kind of disease, you will face leakages and breakage of heart vessels.

Peripheral Artery Disease: when an individual faces issues in their arms, or legs due to the blockage and leakage of heart vessels.

Pericardial Disease: It is a problem with your heart which includes pericarditis.

Aortic Disease: When you are facing a problem in your large heart vessels. These are providing blood from your heart to your brain. 

Congenital Heart disease:  This issue is relating your birth, you will face it by birth.  It can affect different parts of your heart.

What Are The Some Common Test For Diagonose Hypertensive and Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease?

For diagnosing the disease, your health provider will suggest the following test:

  • ABI, or Ankle-brachial index measures the blood pressure in ankles and arms for diagnosing peripheral artery disease.
  • Blood work helps to examine specific proteins, blood sugar levels, and cholesterol.  A blood test can also use for blood clotting.
  • EKG or electrocardiogram records the electrical activity of your heart.
  • Using waves called ultrasound can measure the blood flow in your legs and neck.
  • ECG can deduct the image of your heartbeat and blood flow.
  • Ambulatory monitoring is a wearable device that measures your heart rhythm.
  • An MRI uses radio and magnetic waves for creating a high-detail image of your heart.
  • CT test is used to create a 3D image of your blood flow and heart.
  • A stress test can measure the effect of several activities on your heart. 
  • Cardiac catheterization uses a thin tube to check the pressure and blood flow of your heart.

Treatment

Your health provider can treat Hypertensive and atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. Although, treatment depends on the symptoms ad causes. The following ways of treatments include:

  • If the problem is severe, your health provider suggests you some medicines according to the symptoms. 
  • You can also change your lifestyle for treated the disease. As hypertension is due to high blood pressure, so must try to control it naturally. Atherosclerotic is the cause of cholesterol, you must avoid all the diest which increase the cholesterol level. Further, quit smoking your life.
  • When your disease will not recover through medicines your doctor will suggest surgery. 
  • You must add some exercises related to strongest your heart.

Prevention

However, it is not possible to prevent different heart diseases. But you can reduce the chances of Hypertensive and atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. You can reduce the chances in the following way:

  • You must maintain a healthy weight.
  • Quitting all types of tobacco uses.
  • You need to manage your health condition such as diabetes, cholesterol, and blood pressure.
  • You must add activities or exercise to your daily life.
  • Take a blanched diet and avoid saturated fat and sodium.

These are the prevention that prevents you form this condition. But we advice you to consult your doctor.

Conclusion

Most people with Hypertensive and atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease can live a high-quality life with the help of their health team.  You must follow all the given plans by your health provider. You must take medicine as your health provider described. Further, live a healthy life with a balanced diet and weight. Add some physical activities and maintain your health. Hypertensive and atherosclerotic CVS diseases pose marked challenges, a proactive and holistic method can mitigate their impact. Hence it promotes heart health and overall well-being. Awareness, lifestyle changes, regular monitoring and advances in medical interventions stand as pillars in the fight against these tough heart-related diseases.

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