May 23, 2024

Narcolepsy: Causes, Symptoms, Treatments


Do you have trouble sleeping? Are you experiencing daytime sleep a lot? Sleep issues are common but do you know they can be diseases? Have you ever heard of the term narcolepsy? It is a complex and often mistaken sleep disorder marked by excessive daytime sleepiness and disorders in the sleep-wake cycle. Learning about its causes, finding symptoms and exploring possible treatments can shed light on this disorder that affects many people globally.

In this blog, we will work on what narcissism is. What are the symptoms, and what are the causes? Is there any effective treatment for this? 

What is narcolepsy?

Narcolepsy is a chronic neurological disease affecting the ability of the brain to regulate sleep-wake cycles normally. While the right cause remains unavailable, investigators have pinpointed possible factors adding to this state.

Narcolepsy is sleep disruption people feel drowsy all day in this disease. In this situation, it is difficult for the patient to stay alive for a long time. Suddenly, they fall asleep unconsciously. So, this situation makes it difficult to perform daily activities.

Narcolepsy creates a sudden loss of muscle tone, and it is due to strong emotions like laughter. It is also called cataplexy. Further, narcolepsy has mainly 2 types, and most people survive through the type 1 issue. 

Types of Nacrolepsy

Now you have an idea about it. But do you know about its types? The following are the two types of Narcolepsy: 

  • Type 1 Narcolepsy- Cataplexy
  • Type 2 Narcolepsy

This sleeping disorder stays with you long life, and the cure is difficult. However, you can overcome this issue by taking some medicine and changing your lifestyle. Your family, friend, and colleagues can help you for surviving this condition.

What Are The Symptoms of Narcolepsy?

Here are the symptoms of this sleeping disorder, and worse in earlier years. After that, it goes long for long life. The following ate the symptoms of Narcolepsy.

Suddelny Loss Of Musle Tone

This disorder condition is also called cataplexy.  In this condition, you can lose slurred speech and face entirely weakness in your mussels. The symptoms can last for a few minutes. Cataplexy cannot cure, and it is due to intense emotions.  Most of the time, it is caused by positive emotions like excitement and laughter. For instance, when you suddenly laugh and drop your head and your knees will lose the tone. But, it is due to anger or fear.

Sometimes people face this issue one to two times in a whole day. But most of the time, it has several episodes. Further, it is not necessary to face the same symptoms in Narcolepsy .

Extreme Daytime Sleepiness

In this sleeping disease, people are asleep unconsciously. This situation happens anywhere. If doing something or a task and feeling bored, you can face this situation. For instance, you will sleep during talking with your friend. It is fearful when you suddenly sleep while driving. This situation stays for some minutes or half an hour. After waking up, you feel fresh but want to sleep more.

It is the first symptom of Narcolepsy , and you will also sleep during a function. Most of the time, sleep during a task such as writing, driving, or typing. You continuously perform the task during asleep. When you wake up, you will not remember anything. Your task will not be properly done. 

Rapid Eye Movement (REM) Sleep

REM is a situation when you mostly dreaming. Most people feel REM situation after 60 to 90 minutes of sleep. But the Narcolepsy patient will more quickly catch this situation.  They will enter a REM situation after 15 minutes of sleep. Additionally, this sleep can happen anytime, anywhere. 


It is a situation that happens in bed without sleep[paralyze. It is also called hypnagogic hallucination when you feel asleep. If it happens after waking up, it is called hypnopompic hallucination. For instance, you feel that there is a strange in your bedroom. This condition is full of fear because you do not sleep properly for dreaming.

What Are The Cause Of Narcolepsy?

However, no one will know the exact cause of the narcolepsy.  Further experts said that several things gather making this sleep disorder . for instance. Problems in your brain and REM sleep cause the issue. Scientists said that several things can low hypocretin levels.  The function of hypocretin is to regulate the sleep-wake cycle. They said that hereditary deficiency in the immune system can cause the issue and create narcolepsy. 

Some other factors are stress, anxiety, brain trauma, and infection can also be the cause of the disorder of sleep. 

Symptoms of Narcolepsy

What Are The Risk Factors?

Moreover, some of the risk factors of Narcolepsy are the following:

Age: There are two types of ages when this issue diagnoses, in the age of 15 or 36. However, this sleeping disorder is commonly underdiagnosed. 

Family History: The family history counts to face this disease. If your parent or any sibling faces the issue of narcolepsy, you have 40 times more chance to have this issue. However, it is finitely happening.

Any Previous Brain Trauma: It is another factor that you are committing this issue if you have previously faced a brain trauma issue.

How is Narcolepsy Diagnosed?

Your doctor evaluates it in different following ways:

  • Empower Sleepnis Scale is a simple questionnaire about your sleeping routine.
  • Polysomnography is a test in which your doctor watches your sleep routine in a medical facility.
  • A multiple sleep latency test determines how much time you will take to sleep.
  • Your doctor advises you to note your routine in a diary.
  • Your doctor collects the cerebrospinal fluid to measure the hypocretin level.

What Are The Treatment Of Narcolepsy?

It is a chronic condition, and there is no cure. However, the following are the treatment that can overcome this issue.

Medication For Narcolepsy

When this sleep disorder is diagnosed, your doctor will suggest some medicine for treatment.  The following are the medications for Narcolepsy :

  • Antidepressants to cure the problem of REM sleep
  • Stimulants to treat the sleepiness
  • Sodium Oxybate to treat cataplexy.
  • Pitolisant to help for awake for a long period

Alternative Treatments

Experts said that several medications therapy can also treat narcolepsy.  In this therapy, you will learn about several techniques to focus your attention and relax your mussels. Before taking any alternate treatment, you must consult with your doctor.

Home Remedies

If you adopt a healthy lifestyle you can reduce the symptoms of Narcolepsy .

  • Avoid using alcohol, caffeine, and nicotine.
  • Make sure to eat a small portion of a meal instead take a heavy meal.
  • Follow some exercise on a regular base.
  • Try to manage your sleep and awake time the same every day.

Bottom Line

It is a challenge to line with Narcolepsy. Because it will affect your daily health style and activities. Most of the time you will injured when getting sudden sleep. The medical person will not cure it properly but you can reduce the symptoms. Adopting a healthier lifestyle and eating a balanced diet, avoid alcoholic drinks. Set your awake and sleep time the same for every day. If you are experiencing this issue then we advise you to consult docotr as soom as possible

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